The inflammatory process in the ear can cause dangerous complications. Pathology can cause rupture of the eardrum and complete deafness. It promotes the penetration of pyogenic infection into the brain. Therefore, it is important to diagnose otitis media in time to begin treatment at the initial stage of the development of this disease. Consider the symptoms, causes, and methods of treatment for otitis.
Table of contents:
- What is otitis media?
- Classification of the disease
- Stages of otitis media
- What are the symptoms of the disease?
- Chronic otitis media
- How to treat otitis media?
- What is Cefaclor?
- What is the form of release?
- What is the dosage of an antibiotic?
- What are the side effects?
- Where can I order Cefaclor?
- Useful links
Tinnitus pain is one of the most difficult to tolerate, it is difficult to endure even for an adult with a high pain threshold. It arises suddenly and for a long time knocks the patient out of the usual rhythm of life.
More often, otitis media leads to acute pain. When an ENT doctor makes this diagnosis, you need to understand that an inflammatory process develops in the hearing organ, and the nature of the otitis course and the possibility of complications depend on how quickly treatment is started. The complicated course of the disease in adults and children can lead to serious consequences, up to deafness.
What is otitis media?
Otitis media is an acute infectious disease, manifested by specific symptoms. The disease must be treated, as it is dangerous for the development of complications. Not a single person is safe from the disease. Therefore, it is necessary to be able to recognize otitis media on time, the symptoms and treatment of which depend on the form of inflammation.
Doctors annually record 709 million new cases of acute otitis media. More than half of these episodes occur in children under 5 years old. However, adults also suffer from middle ear inflammation.
The otitis refers to infectious diseases and proceeds in the form of acute or chronic inflammation. Pathology develops as a result of the ingress of pathogenic microorganisms into the Eustachian tubes, and from there into the middle ear.
Classification of the disease
The occurrence of otitis media leads to a pathology of the middle ear. The infection develops in adults and children after a viral and catarrhal disease. An untreated runny nose provokes an inflammatory process of the nasopharynx walls. In the future, puffiness forms, which puts pressure on the auditory tubes, causing unpleasant stuffiness in the ears and even a significant decrease in hearing.
Specialists distinguish the following varieties of otitis media:
- Acute moderate. It occurs against a background of upper respiratory tract infection, bacteria enter the tympanic cavity and cause accumulation of pus (inflammation in a purulent form)
- Exudative medium. It is the result of a blockage in the opening of the auditory tube, this leads to increased pressure in the tympanic cavity, the fluid looks thick (glue consistency)
- Chronic purulent. It develops with an infectious lesion of the middle ear that does not go away for more than 2 weeks
- Internal. It occurs infrequently and is a common complication after acute or chronic otitis media, after a severe form of an infectious disease or injury to an organ of hearing
Stages of otitis media
Otolaryngologists note that otitis media of the middle ear develops in 3 stages:
- Stage 1: acute eustachitis
- Stage 2: acute catarrhal inflammation
- Stage 3: acute purulent inflammation
Acute eustachitis is accompanied by tinnitus, a sensation of pulsation and congestion, a slight increase in temperature. This stage lasts up to several days and then goes into acute inflammation. It is accompanied by severe pain and fever to subfebrile values. At the same time, aseptic inflammation of the middle ear, loud noise and throbbing in the ears, marked congestion, accompanied by hearing impairment, are noted.
Acute purulent inflammation is the next stage of the otitis. It is accompanied by severe pain, which extends to the teeth, lower jaw, eyes and the temporal region. The pain intensifies when swallowing and when you try to blow your nose to clear your it. Body temperature rises. After some time, the perforation of the tympanic membrane occurs, a wound is formed, through which pus flows. At this stage, symptoms subside.
What are the symptoms of the disease?
Doctors attribute otitis media to inflammatory diseases with an acute onset and a rapid increase in symptoms.
Usually, with otitis media, nasal congestion and inflammation of the nasopharynx are observed. This is due to the structural features of ENT organs, whose work is closely interconnected. Otitis can be a consequence of the maxillary sinuses inflammation. However, if pathology acts as an independent disease, then it necessarily entails a general deterioration in well-being and the spread of the pathological process to adjacent organs. The main signs of infection:
- acute pain in the ear
- feeling of stuffiness
- discharge from the external auditory meatus
In adults, the symptoms are simple. Adults with ear infections experience ear pain and pressure, fluid in the ear, and reduced hearing. Children experience a wider range of signs .
It is important to recognize the first signs of otitis media. In the event of the first signs of the disease, a person should immediately consult a doctor. The sooner treatment begins, the better the prognosis for recovery.
Chronic otitis media
Chronic otitis media is a consequence of the inadequate treatment of acute inflammation. It develops in two cases: with frequent relapses of acute inflammation with the formation of perforation and excretion of the discharge to the outside, or as a result of the absence of treatment for acute inflammation.
Each time, when the tympanic membrane is torn to remove purulent contents from the middle ear to the outside, a small perforation is formed. Over time, it is delayed, but a scar appears in its place. In the case of chronic otitis media, these scars become inflamed or do not heal completely due to a small amount of residual purulent masses.
It is worth noting that chronic otitis media can lead to irreversible hearing loss, but we are talking about weakening, but not a complete loss of hearing ability.
How to treat otitis media?
Since the otitis occurs for various reasons, the treatment of otitis media in adults depends on the type of lesion, the localization of the inflammatory process and the stage of the disease. The otolaryngologist selects the appropriate drug or prescribes combined treatment methods.
The doctor prescribes specialized antibiotics, for example, Cefaclor, Ceclor, Minocin, etc. Experts recommend taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and painkillers to reduce pain. Antibiotics for relieving inflammation and drugs with a vasoconstrictor effect help treat eustachitis (stage 2 of the otitis development).
The attending physician prescribes physiotherapy after eliminating the symptoms of exacerbation. For otitis media, massage the eardrum and blowing the auditory tube. Such events help improve the condition of the body. A good result can be achieved by the UHF procedure. It is prescribed even with purulent otitis media.
Effective procedures help to inject concentrated drug only into the affected tissue. At the recovery stage, patients are prescribed UFO, mud therapy, diadynamic therapy, ultrasound, laser, and microwave therapy.
Treatment of eustachitis can not only prevent the occurrence of complications but also restore the impaired function of sound conduction. To replace the affected areas, specialists use tissue grafts or artificial grafts.
Treatment of otitis media in adults with surgical intervention for extensive lesions takes a long time. With the destruction of the auditory ossicles and numerous adhesions, several operations are required. For this, doctors use local anesthesia or general anesthesia, depending on the complexity of the manipulations. The postoperative period lasts up to a month or more. During it, it is necessary to use ear drops and additional procedures.
What is Cefaclor?
Cefaclor is a popular broad-spectrum antibiotic. It is the 2nd generation antibiotic. Cefaclor copes with diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract, urinary tract infections, skin, and soft tissue infections. The antibiotic is highly effective in the treatment of otitis media. The main active ingredient is Cefaclor.
What is the form of release?
Pharmacological companies produce capsules located in blisters. Depending on the dosage, 1 capsule contains 250 mg or 500 mg of the main active substance. Blisters are packed in environmentally friendly cardboard packaging.
What is the dosage of an antibiotic?
The patient should take the antibiotic inside with a sufficient amount of water. Adults should take 250 mg every 8 hours. For the treatment of otitis media and pharyngitis, the daily dose is divided into 2 doses (every 12 hours). If necessary, the dose can be increased to 4 g / day. For children older than 1 month, the initial recommended daily dose of 20 mg/kg/ day is divided into 3 doses (every 8 hours). In severe infections, otitis media and infections caused by less sensitive strains of microorganisms, the recommended dose is 40 mg/kg/ day, the maximum daily dose is 1 g. The course of treatment for infections is at least 10 days.
Use during pregnancy (especially in the first trimester) and lactation is possible only if the expected benefit to the mother outweighs the potential risk to the fetus or newborn.
In any case, the daily dosage is prescribed by the attending physician, taking into account the symptoms and development of the otitis. Exceeding the prescribed dosage is not recommended.
What are the side effects?
Cefaclor is a low toxic drug. Therefore, the likelihood of side effects is small. However, experts warn that the following disorders may occur:
- decreased appetite
Most often, unpleasant disorders occur due to an overdose or individual intolerance to the drug. In the event of any side effects, the patient should stop taking the antibiotic and inform the doctor.
Where can I order Cefaclor?
You can order an antibiotic both in your local and in a certified online pharmacy. We recommend the last option because an online pharmacy has the following advantages:
- Low cost. The prices of the same medicines are always lower at the online pharmacy compared to your local one. You can become a regular customer of the online pharmacy and receive good discounts!
- Fast shipping. An online pharmacy works with various transport companies to deliver your order in a short time. Order the product and receive it in a few days without any delay!
- Quality service. If you have any questions, you can ask customer service for help. An online consultant will help to resolve all your problems in no time.
- Anonymity. No one except you will know what you ordered. Your order will be packed in tight opaque packaging.
Thus, if you do not want to spend your time and money, then an online pharmacy is your choice. Order a medicine using modern technology!
 Check the link https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/167409.php and know information about ear infections