How to treat Chlamydia in women?

Chlamydia is a dangerous and common infectious disease. It can hurt people of different ages and genders, but more often it affects young people. Moreover, this is not surprising, because in most cases the disease is transmitted sexually.


Table of contents:

  1. What is Chlamydia?
  2. Why is the disease dangerous?
  3. Dangerous effects of Chlamydia
  4. Symptoms of disorder in women
  5. How to diagnose an infection?
  6. How to treat Chlamydia women?
  7. What is Doxycycline?
  8. What is the release form of the antibiotic?
  9. How to take a medication?
  10. What are the side effects of Doxycycline?
  11. Where to buy an antibiotic?
  12. Conclusion
  13. References

What is Chlamydia?

The causative agent of Chlamydia is the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia is very interesting from a scientific point of view microorganisms. Even though Chlamydia trachomatis belongs to the realm of bacteria, it nevertheless has certain features that bring it closer to viruses. Chlamydia is intracellular bacteria, they can infect the cells of the body and reproduce directly in them. Thus, Chlamydia trachomatis are intracellular parasites.

Bacteria, however, can live in the extracellular space. When Chlamydia enters a living cell, they acquire the ability to divide, increasing in size. In this type of Chlamydia multiply. After the formation of new bacterial cells, they leave the host cell, and it dies. This whole process takes 2-3 days. The bacteria, in turn, are sent in search of new victim cells. As the disease progresses, it takes on a chronic form. Bacteria capture not only the lower but also the upper sections of the urogenital system.

Chlamydia is fairly resistant to adverse effects and can exist in room conditions for up to two days. The incubation period for Chlamydia is 2 to 4 weeks.

The main mode of infection is sexual. In this case, Chlamydia infection can occur both during vaginal and anal sex, as well as during oral contact. Besides, some scientists tend to believe that bacteria are capable of being transmitted through the household, through the use of common objects. However, this happens infrequently. Another way to transmit bacilli is from mother to newborn baby. Contrary to popular belief, Chlamydia caused by Chlamydia trachomatis is not transmitted by airborne droplets. Although there is such a disease as Chlamydial pneumonia or respiratory Chlamydia. It can be transmitted similarly.

It is also quite difficult to get infected by kissing someone, as for this, there must be a very high concentration of bacteria in the mouth cavity of the partners.

Why is the disease dangerous?

why is the disease dangerous

Many women are unaware that they are infected. This is because the disease is often asymptomatic. Accurate statistics about the incidence of Chlamydia does not exist. However, this disease is much more common than other sexually transmitted diseases.

According to various estimates, the number of women in whom this disease is found varies from 8% to 40%. Their total number on Earth is about 1 billion. Therefore, the chance of being infected with Chlamydia is very large. And, therefore, it is necessary to know its main symptoms, how it is manifested and how to treat it.

Dangerous effects of Chlamydia

Chlamydia is much more dangerous than it seems at first glance. The disease can have several unpleasant complications. As it develops, other tissues of the body, such as teeth, joints, eyes, and even the heart, can be affected by Chlamydia. For women infected with Chlamydia, Reiter’s syndrome is characteristic, with arthritis, conjunctivitis, and inflammation of the vagina. There is a risk of severe lesions of the urinary system – urethritis, purulent cystitis, narrowing of the urethra.

If left untreated, chlamydia infection can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to damage of the fallopian tubes (the tubes connecting the ovaries to the uterus) or even cause infertility (the inability to have children) [1].

Сhlamydia is very dangerous for pregnant women. Infection can cause complications of pregnancy, including, ectopic pregnancy, polyhydramnios. Infection can lead to early termination of pregnancy or missed abortion. Rarely, preterm birth and prematurity occur.

If the child is born at the right time, then as a result of infection by bacteria, he may have inflammatory diseases such as conjunctivitis and otitis. In the future, the presence of bacteria in the body of a child can lead to problems with the cardiovascular and nervous systems, the gastrointestinal tract. For girls, infection in infancy threatens with further infertility.

A serious complication of Chlamydia is cervicitis – inflammation of the cervix, cervical cervix, and endometriosis. They can lead to further sterility. For these reasons, treatment cannot be postponed, since the disease is easier to treat early.

Symptoms of disorder in women

When microorganisms enter the body, at first, the symptoms may be subtle or even absent. This feature is more characteristic for women than for men. In women, Chlamydia similarly occurs in 70% of cases.

Although most people with chlamydia do not exhibit symptoms, they may start to appear 5 to 10 days after contracting the infection [2].

Signs of Chlamydia may include fever. This usually occurs soon after infection. The temperature rises to + 37-37.5ºС. Fatigue and weakness may occur. However, later the temperature may drop to normal values.

The symptoms are usually associated with the condition of the urinary organs. Bacteria lead to inflammation of the urinary organs, more precisely, their mucous membranes. Chlamydia can also lead to the formation of adhesions in the abdominal cavity, which is fraught with sterility.

Symptoms of Chlamydia can include slight pains of the pulling type in the lower abdomen, itching, burning, cramping when urinating, feeling of increased humidity in the genital area, frequent urination, menstrual disorders, back pain. However, many women are not inclined to pay attention to these symptoms.

One of the main symptoms of infection is the appearance of unusual secretions from the genitals. Selections have an abnormal appearance. Usually, they have a whitish or yellow color, mucopurulent consistency, and an unpleasant odor.

How to diagnose an infection?

how to diagnose an infection

At the first signs or suspicions of Chlamydia, you should consult a doctor. Specialists will conduct a series of diagnostic measures to identify the infection. First of all, this is a visual inspection. It will help to determine the lesions of the mucous membranes of the genital organs and the pathology of the cervix uteri that are characteristic of infectious diseases. Also, the analysis of the patient’s history is very informative. There are several diseases in which there are significant reasons to suspect Chlamydia:

  • infertility (for a year or more)
  • cervicitis
  • complicated pregnancy (high water, delayed fetal development, the risk of miscarriage)

If such problems are detected, even if a smear on the bacteria from the vagina does not show the presence of pathogenic microflora, the patient needs to undergo a thorough examination. Practice shows that the probability of identifying the pathogen is large enough – about 80%.

The greatest accuracy has a test for the detection of Chlamydia with the help of the particles of bacteria DNA. In the presence of a pathogen in a patient, it gives an almost one hundred percent result. Other types of research, such as fluorescent detection, can also be carried out. The probability of detection of bacteria in this method is 50%.

Sowing on bacteria in a nutrient medium is also carried out (the probability of detection of the pathogen is 70%) and the search for antibodies in the blood. A smear from the vagina may also reveal a Chlamydial infection. However, with this method, the probability of detecting bacteria is low and amounts to 15%.

Every woman should remember that the earlier the disease is diagnosed, the greater the chances of a successful cure of the disease.

How to treat Chlamydia women?

Chlamydia treatment is a complex process. The main method is antibacterial therapy. Fortunately, the pathogen has a high sensitivity to many antibiotics. But not all. Also, when treating with antibiotics, it is necessary not only to choose the right type of drug but also to determine its correct dosage, to take into account the patient’s immunity, its concomitant diseases, including other sexually transmitted infections. Comprehensive analysis of these factors is not an easy task. Therefore, self-treatment of Chlamydial infection with antibiotics is unacceptable. It can lead to a deterioration of the patient. Besides, the disease can become chronic intractable form.

Doctors generally use penicillin and tetracycline antibiotics. If bacteria are resistant to one drug, then experts use drugs from another group.

The selection of drugs during pregnancy requires special care since many of them are not recommended in this period because of the high toxicity. Usually, therapy is best done during the second trimester, after the formation of the placenta. The duration of treatment during pregnancy is usually shorter, so as not to harm the fetus.

It is worth noting that antibiotics are not the only necessary drugs. Depending on the condition of the patient, the doctor may also prescribe drugs to stimulate the immune system and vitamin complexes. Also, the disease is often complicated by a secondary fungal infection of the genital organs, such as candidiasis. Therefore, anti-fungal drugs can be prescribed for their treatment.

It is important to note that if a permanent sexual partner is also infected, it is necessary to simultaneously treat it. Otherwise, all efforts to get rid of bacteria will be useless, because the next sexual contact will lead to re-infection. It should be borne in mind that the body does not produce specific immunity against bacteria, and the second time, it can be picked up with the same ease. The presence of such diseases as urethritis or prostatitis in a man indicates that he is most likely a carrier of Chlamydia.

Experts conduct control studies on the presence of pathogens to verify the effectiveness of therapy after it is completed. Usually, studies are conducted after two weeks, a month and two months. Antibiotic therapy should also be accompanied by a course of treatment for dysbiosis associated with antibiotics. For this purpose, probiotic preparations may be prescribed. In addition to taking general antibiotics, local antiseptic preparations can also be used. The diet is an important element of treatment. During therapy, it is recommended to abandon too spicy and sweet foods and alcohol.

What is Doxycycline?

Doxycycline is a semisynthetic antibiotic from the tetracycline group with a broad spectrum of action. It acts on the causative agents of infections inside the cells, penetrating the membrane. The antibiotic is active against most pathogens of especially dangerous and dangerous infectious diseases, including Chlamydia granulomatosis. By the degree of antibacterial activity, Doxycycline surpasses the antibiotics of other groups. It has a higher therapeutic efficacy even with the introduction of 10 times smaller doses and a longer duration of action. It inhibits intestinal flora to a lesser extent than other tetracycline antibiotics. Doxycycline differs from them in more complete absorption and a longer duration of action with less toxicity.

What is the release form of the antibiotic?

Most often, pharmacological companies produce Doxycycline in the form of capsules with a 100 mg dosage. Each capsule contains doxycycline hyclate active substance and excipients. In more rare cases, the antibiotic is available in the form of tablets and solutions of different dosages.

How to take a medication?

how to take a medication

Antibiotic capsules should be taken orally, and washed down with a glass of water, during or after a meal. Adults and children over 12 years old with a bodyweight of more than 45 kg are prescribed 200 mg in one or two doses on the first day, and 100 mg x1 times a day for the second day. The maximum dose that can be taken per day for severe infections is 200 mg in 1-2 doses. The duration of treatment depends on the type of infection and is usually 5–10 days. When treating Chlamydia, doctors prescribe 200 mg/day for 7 days. Patients with kidney failure require a reduction in the daily dose.

It is worth remembering that the patient should not independently decide the dosage of Doxycycline. Only the attending physician can prescribe the correct course of taking the antibiotic. In case of overdose, especially in patients with impaired liver function, seizures, dizziness, vomiting, and impaired consciousness may occur. In this case, the patient should stop taking the antibiotic and inform the doctor. It is worth remembering that the drug is contraindicated in pregnancy because the antibiotic has a toxic effect on the development of the fetus (delayed skeletal development).

What are the side effects of Doxycycline?

Despite its effectiveness, Doxycycline has various side effects. Most often patients have nausea, diarrhea, and constipation. In more rare cases, headache or dizziness can occur. Possible manifestations of allergic reactions. If side effects occur, the patient should stop taking the antibiotic and inform the attending physician.

Where to buy an antibiotic?

Doxycycline can be obtained by prescription from a doctor in your local pharmacy. However, we recommend that you pay attention to a certified online pharmacy. It has significant advantages compared with your local one. These include:

  • Availability. You do not need to go anywhere and worry about the availability of the drug. Order Doxycycline using your mobile phone!
  • Pleasant service. Order the drug you need on your own or ask an online pharmacy consultant for help.
  • Fast shipping. Employees of the online pharmacy will pack the goods in a solid package and send it to the place you specified.
  • Low cost. Often the cost of the same medications is much lower in an online pharmacy than in local one. Besides, an online resource often offers discounts on products and great deals to regular customers. Buy goods without overpaying!

It is worth noting that people increasingly prefer to purchase goods on the Internet in specialized stores. Try it out for yourself!

Conclusion

Chlamydia is an unpleasant and dangerous infectious disease. Thanks to the achievement of modern medicine, we have effective drugs to fight it. However, it is easier to prevent the disease than cure it. There is no vaccine to protect against trachomatis bacteria. Therefore, to avoid disease, it is necessary to follow certain rules to minimize the risk of becoming infected with pathogenic agents.

Disease prevention largely coincides with the prevention of other sexually transmitted diseases. First of all, it is the use of barrier contraceptives. However, this method is not a panacea.

A person should avoid promiscuous sex, frequent changes of partners, unconventional, anal and oral sex. You should also monitor personal hygiene, wash hands, especially after going to the toilet, and public places. The probability of pathogen transmission through such things as common towels, garments, especially underwear is very high. These points should be considered to prevent infection of other family members. Therefore, it is necessary to have individual means of hygiene such as towels, washcloths, sponges, etc.

Since Chlamydia tends asymptomatic course, it is necessary to undergo an annual examination with regular sex life and different partners.

References

[1] Check https://www.webmd.com/sexual-conditions/guide/chlamydia#2 and take more information about the dangerous of Chlamydia in a woman

[2] Everything you need to know about chlamydia by the link https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/8181.php

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