What are the features of the laryngitis treatment?

Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx mucosa. This is a very common and unpleasant disease. Unfortunately, the patient can not always assess the danger of laryngitis. In most cases, this inflammation lasts for about 1-2 weeks, but if the appropriate regimen is not followed, ыcomplications can occur. Let’s look at the causes, symptoms, and methods of correct treatment of this pathology together.

Table of contents:

  1. What are the causes of laryngitis in adults?
  2. What are the symptoms of the disease?
  3. How to diagnose laryngitis?
  4. How to treat properly the disease in adults?
  5. What is Floxin?
  6. What is the release form of the antibiotic?
  7. How should I take Floxin?/a>
  8. What are the side effects of the drug?
  9. Why is a generic better than a brand name drug?
  10. Where to buy Floxin?
  11. Prevention of the laryngitis
  12. Useful links

Laryngitis is an inflammatory process that occurs in the mucous membrane of the larynx. Given that the larynx belongs to the respiratory tract, inflammation can provoke swelling of the mucous membrane and narrowing of the lumen of the larynx. This, in turn, can lead to violations of the respiratory process, the development of oxygen starvation of cells and tissues of the body.

Besides, it is located in the larynx glottis. Swelling of the mucous membrane covering it can lead to changes in the density and configuration of the vocal cords and, as a result, changes in the tone of voice, its hoarseness, and even complete loss. However, as a rule, these changes are reversible and disappear after the inflammation subsides.

Laryngitis usually isn’t a big deal. With proper treatment, it should go away in no more than 3 weeks. But you have ways to stop it from happening or make it go away faster [1].

what are the causes of laryngitis in adults

What are the causes of laryngitis in adults?

Experts identify three main causes of laryngitis. These include:

  • infection of the mucous membrane. Infection provokes local swelling and inflammation. This can lead to loss of voice, pain, difficulty breathing
  • intense tension of the vocal cords. Laryngitis often develops after a long conversation with a raised voice, singing, shouting. Unlike the infection process in the larynx, this type of laryngitis can be treated faster
  • an allergic reaction in the larynx. If you are allergic to certain foods, insect bites, an allergic reaction can be manifested by laryngeal edema, often life-threatening

In addition, tumors can be the cause of laryngitis – both malignant and benign (polyps, vocal cords). Polyps – one of the frequent causes of changes in the tone of voice, his hoarseness. Chronic hoarseness can also be due to the weakness of the vocal cords.

In addition to these reasons, there are also factors contributing to the development of laryngitis. Doctors distinguish the following provoking factors:

  • hypothermia
  • intensive smoking
  • features of work (dusty rooms, irritating gases, “voice work”) and life
  • alcohol abuse

By themselves, such factors do not lead to laryngitis. However, they can provoke both a decrease in local immunity and irritation of the vocal cords and mucous membranes on them, the appearance of micro damages on it. It contributes to inflammation.

What are the symptoms of the disease?

Signs of laryngitis in adults are quite characteristic. In most cases, it is pain and discomfort in the throat. There is a feeling of coma, dryness, and tickling. The voice loses the usual tone. It becomes hoarse. With intense inflammation in the larynx, the voice may completely disappear. A dry, cough with anguish can appear. With the progression of the laryngitis, and the transfer of infection to the bronchi, sputum begins to depart, the cough becomes wet. Children often have a runny nose and laryngitis. The temperature is usually kept within the normal range. Doctors rarely noted its moderate increase. However, temperature fluctuations are largely dependent on the causative agent of infection, which provoked inflammation in the larynx. Laryngitis without fever is characteristic of an allergic lesion of the larynx or “fatigue” of the vocal cords. The rest of the symptoms of allergic laryngitis in adults and children are the same as in infectious lesions of the larynx.

Separately, I would like to highlight a complex of symptoms, which in clinical practice is called false croup. It is characteristic mainly for children. False croup develops due to acute edema of the part of the larynx located directly under the glottis. False croup has a sharp, sudden onset, often developing at night. The attack is characterized by a barking dry cough and a sharp difficulty in breathing right up to the blue skin and mucous membranes of the child. The duration of the attack lasts from 5-10 minutes to half an hour. After that, breathing becomes normal. In the morning the child feels satisfactory. However, this is the cunning of pathology. Left untreated, false croup can recur every 2-3 days. Barking cough at night with laryngitis occurs in adults and may also indicate the state of false croup.

If untreated, acute laryngitis can turn into a chronic form, which is characterized by regular bouts of exacerbations with the slightest impact of predisposing factors, for example, during hypothermia or after inhalation of tobacco smoke. Also, chronic laryngitis is characterized by persistent changes in tone, hoarseness.

How to diagnose laryngitis?

how to diagnose laryngitis

The most common sign of laryngitis is hoarseness. Changes in your voice can vary with the degree of infection or irritation, ranging from mild hoarseness to almost total loss of your voice [2].

As a rule, the symptoms of laryngitis in adults and children are so characteristic that it is easy for a doctor to make an appropriate diagnosis. Besides, if necessary, you can conduct several studies. These include:

  • Laryngoscopy
  • X-ray examinations
  • Ultrasound examinations
  • topographic techniques

Specialists conduct them to exclude a foreign body in the larynx, its abscess, tumor neoplasms and other pathologies that resemble laryngitis in their symptoms. If allergic laryngitis is suspected, allergy tests should be performed. They will allow you to identify allergens and further, if possible, minimize contact with them.

How to treat properly the disease in adults?

The attending physician selects a complex of medical measures individually. Therapy depends on what causes inflammation of the larynx. As a rule, treatment includes, in addition to drugs of general effect, gargling, which helps to soften and moisturize the mucous membrane.

There is a common, important condition: to give the vocal cords rest, which implies silence. The fact is that when a person is silent – his glottis is wide open, and the ligaments are at the maximum distance from each other. When talking, even in a whisper, the vocal cords get closer and rub against each other, and the louder the person says – the more intense the friction is. As a result, micro damages can be formed on the mucous membrane covering the vocal chambers. This is precisely the circumstance that causes laryngitis after a long and loud conversation, singing and shouting.

When the ligaments are inflamed, the conversation only provokes their additional damage. Silence for several days, on the contrary, will contribute to their recovery, and help eliminate sore throat.

Doctors make a course of treatment, taking into account the causes of its occurrence. In that case, if we are talking about infectious laryngitis, the basis of treatment should be the fight against the causative agent of inflammation. Laboratory research will help identify it. In bacterial laryngitis, the doctor will prescribe a patient with broad-spectrum antibiotics or taking into account the data obtained during the bacteriological examination. Such drugs include Floxin, Bactrim, Amoxil, Zagam, Omnicef, Minocin, Ceclor, etc.

Medications for laryngitis are usually supplemented with drugs from the group of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They have an intense anti-inflammatory effect, relieving pain and discomfort, eliminating the swelling of the larynx. If the patient has high body temperature, they contribute to its decrease. Moist coughing with laryngitis will help ease sputum edema.

In the presence of laryngeal neoplasms, the treatment tactics depend on their nature and involvement of the surrounding tissues in the pathological process. In particular, vocal cord polyps are usually surgically removed. For tumors of the larynx, the treatment is prescribed by an oncologist surgeon. It may include both surgical removal of a tumor and antitumor chemotherapy.

Allergic laryngitis in adults and children requires urgent and proper treatment. The insidiousness of the situation lies in the fact that an allergic reaction can develop both with lightning speed, in a matter of minutes, and increase gradually for hours and even days. Therefore, if acute laryngitis is diagnosed in an adult without fever and there is a reason to suspect the allergic nature of the laryngitis, it is recommended to immediately seek medical help. A person should not wait for the moment when laryngeal edema provokes respiratory failure.

As a rule, doctors use antihistamines to treat allergic laryngitis. Treatment of this kind is always prescribed only by a doctor, self-treatment is unacceptable.

What is Floxin?

Floxin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic. It belongs to the fluchloralin group of drugs. Floxin is very effective in treating bacterial infections of the skin, lungs, urinary tract, respiratory diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Antibiotic has also proven itself in the treatment of acute bacterial laryngitis. The main active ingredient of the drug is Ofloxacin. The drug is well distributed in the tissues and fluids of the human body. The maximum concentration in the blood plasma is reached within 1-2 hours after administration.

What is the release form of the antibiotic?

Floxin tablets have an almost white color, a round shape, and a biconvex surface. They are covered with an enteric film coat. The main active ingredient of the drug is Ofloxacin, it’s content in one tablet is 100 mg, 200 mg or 400 mg. It also includes auxiliary components. The tablets are packaged in a blister of 10 pieces. The carton pack contains blisters with the drug and instructions for use.

How should I take Floxin?

Methods of use and dosage of the medicinal product are established by the attending physician. Tablets should be drunk whole, washed down with a small amount of water before or during meals. With a standard course of treatment, adults are recommended to use 200 – 800 mg of Floxin per day, dividing this dose into 2 – 3 doses. The duration of treatment varies from 7 to 10 days. For patients with a concomitant decrease in the functional activity of the kidneys and liver, as well as those on hemodialysis (hardware blood purification), dosage adjustment is necessary.

In the case of a significant excess of the recommended therapeutic dose of Floxin, tablets develop confusion, dizziness, vomiting, drowsiness, disorientation in space and time. In this case, you need to stop taking the drug and report an overdose to your doctor.

What are the side effects of the drug?

Taking Floxin can lead to the development of adverse reactions from various organs and systems:

  • Digestive system – nausea, intermittent vomiting, loss of appetite, up to its complete absence (anorexia), diarrhea, abdominal distension, abdominal pain
  • Nervous system and sensory organs – headache, dizziness, uncertainty in movements, especially associated with the need for fine motor skills, hand trembling, periodic cramps of different groups of skeletal muscles
  • Cardiovascular system – tachycardia (increased heart rate), an inflammatory reaction of the vessels
  • Musculoskeletal system – pain in joints, skeletal muscles, reactive inflammation of ligaments
  • Skin – dermatitis, papular rash
  • Allergic reactions – skin rash, itching

In the case of side effects, you should stop taking the drug and consult your doctor. The doctor individually determines the possibility of further use of the drug, depending on the nature and severity of side effects.

Why is a generic better than a brand name drug?

Floxin is a generic antibiotic. When pharmacological companies invent a new medicine, it is researched and tested for a long time. After that, they draw up a patent. When the term of the patent ends, other companies can also produce similar drugs – generics. The main active ingredient is the same. In the case of Floxin, it is Ofloxacin. However, generics cost significantly less than a branded drug and often have higher efficacy. Therefore, if you want to purchase a highly effective antibiotic at a low price, then Floxin is your choice!

Where to buy Floxin?

how to buy in online pharmacy

If you want to safely purchase the drug and save extra cash, then a certified online pharmacy is your choice! Such pharmacies have several advantages over the local one. Here they are:

  • Comfort. You do not need to look for the drug, running through pharmacies. Order medicine using your smartphone
  • Security. All transactions go through SSL encryption. This ensures complete security and anonymity of the operation
  • Availability. You will be able to buy the necessary product in the quantity you need without unnecessary delay and additional prescriptions from the doctor
  • Fast shipping. The online pharmacy works with various shipping companies to ensure the delivery of goods to the point you specified quickly and inexpensively
  • Low cost. An online pharmacy works directly with drug manufacturers. Thus, the price of goods is significantly lower than in the local pharmacy

Prevention of the laryngitis

Laryngitis is an unpleasant and dangerous disease. Like any other disorder, it is easier to prevent than to cure. The main measure of prevention of laryngitis is tempering procedures. They should begin in infancy, with wiping with cool water. Hardening will help the body resist the onslaught of viruses and bacteria, withstand adverse weather and professional conditions.

Doctors refer to the following preventive measures:

  • Proper treatment of colds and viral diseases
  • Refusal of alcohol and smoking
  • Proper nutrition (rational, refusal of spicy food, control over its temperature)
  • Use of a respirator when working with gases and harmful substances
  • Compliance with voice mode
  • Humidification of the air in the apartment
  • Performing exercises for the vocal cords

Regular visits to the ENT doctor are necessary for anyone who has had laryngitis. Experts will explain how to save the voice and prevent the development of stenosis of the larynx, and tumor formations on the background of inflammation.

Useful links

[1] Follow https://www.webmd.com/cold-and-flu/what-is-laryngitis and know more about the infection

[2] Learn more facts about Laryngitis diagnosis by the link https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/laryngitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20374267

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