The skin is in constant contact with the bacteria of the environment. When bacteria manage to cross this barrier, bacterial infections of varying complexity appear. The most common bacteria that causes skin bacterial infections are staphylococci and streptococci.
Skin bacterial infections of streptococcal nature
Streptodermia is characterized by a lesion of smooth skin, a superficial location, a tendency to peripheral growth. Staphylococci are one of the most common microorganisms that can be found everywhere in nature and on the skin. Here are the most common diseases caused by them.
Streptococcal impetigo is a highly infectious disease, observed mainly in children, sometimes in women. Bullous impetigo is localized on the hands, feet, and legs. Slit or angular stomatitis is characterized by damage to the corners of the mouth. On a swollen hyperemic background, painful sliced erosion appears. Simple lichen often occurs in preschool children in the spring. Surface paronychia can be observed both in people working at enterprises for processing fruits, vegetables, confectionery, etc. and in children who have a habit of biting their nails. Intertriginous streptoderma (streptococcal intertrigo) occurs in large folds and axillary regions. Chancriform pyoderma begins with the formation of a bubble. After its removal, erosion or ulcer of rounded or oval contours remains. Its foundation is always even.
Skin bacterial infections of staphylococcal nature
The most superficial form of staphyloderma is ostio folliculitis. Folliculitis is an acute inflammation of the hair follicle. In contrast to osteo folliculitis, it is accompanied by infiltration, pronounced soreness. Furuncle is an acute purulent-necrotic lesion of the follicle, sebaceous gland, and surrounding subcutaneous fat. Carbuncle is a purulent-necrotic lesion of several hair follicles. Furunculosis is a recurring form of the Furuncle. Vulgar sycosis is a chronic, recurrent inflammation of the follicles in the growth zone of short, thick hair. Hidradenitis – an inflammation of the apocrine sweat glands, is observed in young and adulthood.
Treatment of skin bacterial infections
Mainly, the treatment of all skin bacterial infections consists of antibiotic therapy, immediately after the identification of the causative agent of the disease.
Macrolides are assigned against staphylococcal infection. For example, erythromycin. To treat streptococcal infections, injections of penicillin in large doses are used for 8 days. Treatment continues with oral penicillin.
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