Urinary tract bacterial infection or UTI is a bacterial infection of any part of the urinary tract that includes the bladder, kidneys, ureters, and urethra. Infections of the bladder or urethra are the most common.
The cause of urinary tract bacterial infection
Urinary tract bacterial infection is caused by E. coli, which are common bacteria in the human intestine. Infections of the urethra can be caused by an E. coli or sexually transmitted infections, such as herpes or chlamydia.
Types of urinary tract bacterial infection
There are primary and recurrent urinary tract bacterial infections. The term chronic does not apply for urinary tract bacterial infections, as in most cases it incorrectly reflects the course of the disease.
Primary urinary tract bacterial infections occur relatively easily and develop in the absence of organic or functional changes in the urinary tract. If the infection occurs repeatedly, but not earlier than 6 months after the first, it is also considered primary. Primary urinary tract infections are most common in young and middle-aged women.
Recurrent infection is the result of the repeated entry of the pathogen into the urinary tract from the places, where antimicrobial agents do not penetrate well. At the same time, bacteriuria disappears for a while, and then the same pathogen again appears in the urine.
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infections
A strong and frequent urge to urinate frequently, even after you have just emptied the bladder. Pain or burning when urinating. Bloody urine. Pain in the lower abdomen or back (pelvic pain for women, rectal pain for men).
Treatment of urinary tract bacterial infection
It is usually enough to take antibiotics for several days. The symptoms of infection disappear in 1 or 2 days after the start of the treatment.
Buy antibiotics used to treat Urinary Tract Infections