Bacterial vaginosis – a gynecological disease. It changes the microflora of the vagina but proceeds without inflammation. Vaginosis is characterized by abundant and prolonged discharge, in which there are no gonococci, trichomonads, fungi and other pathogenic microorganisms.
Vaginal bacterial infection increases a conditionally pathogenic microflora and decreases the number of lactic acid bacteria. They play the role of a natural protective barrier against the invasion of pathological microorganisms. This creates a favorable background for the development of chronic inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs.
Most common vaginal bacterial infections
Thrush (Candidiasis). It is a fungal infection caused by excessive reproduction of yeasts that live in the vagina. The type of yeast that is most commonly associated with this disease is called candida. Symptoms: thrush accompanied by thick, whitish secretions with lumps. Usually odorless. Treatment: Candidiasis is usually easily treated for a couple of days with simple antifungal drugs. There are many medications for thrush that are sold without a prescription.
Bacterial vaginosis (vaginal dysbiosis). It is a bacterial infection that develops if the healthy balance of bacteria in the vagina is disturbed. Gardnerella vaginalis is the most common bacterium that lives in the vagina, and it most often causes bacterial vaginosis. Symptoms: bacterial vaginosis does not always have severe symptoms. Sometimes minor itching and burning sensation when urinating are possible. Treatment: Bacterial vaginosis is easily treated with antibiotics (oral or intravaginal). Be sure to complete the treatment prescribed by the doctor – even if the symptoms have disappeared.
A very common, but little-known, sexually transmitted infection. Trichomonas vaginalis a unicellular parasite is the cause of this vaginal bacterial infection. Symptoms: like most STIs, trichomoniasis is often not accompanied by any symptoms. Symptoms can appear after 3-28 days. Most common symptoms are foamy, yellowish-green discharge, possibly with an unpleasant odor, itching, swelling, burning with urination, frequent urge to urinate. Treatment: Trichomoniasis is treated with medicines. It is necessary to avoid sexual intercourse until the end of treatment.
Prevention of vaginal bacterial infections
Observe hygiene rules.
Do not wear tight underwear – it disrupts blood circulation in the pelvic organs and leads to changes in the composition of the vaginal microflora.
Do not get carried away with wearing daily regular liners: they prevent the access of oxygen to the genitals, which promotes the propagation of harmful bacteria.
The same applies to synthetic linen. It is better to replace it with cotton.
Buy antibiotics used to treat Vaginal Bacterial Infections