Angina Pectoris FAQ
What is angina?
Angina is chest pain or discomfort caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscles.
What triggers angina?
Physical exertion, emotional stress, heavy meals, and smoking are common triggers for angina.
How is stable angina managed?
Stable angina can be managed with medications, lifestyle changes, and in some cases, surgical procedures.
Can angina lead to a heart attack?
Angina is a symptom of coronary artery disease, which can lead to a heart attack if left untreated.
Is angina the same as a heart attack?
No, angina is chest pain due to reduced blood flow, whereas a heart attack is caused by a complete blockage of the coronary artery.
What are the common medications for angina?
Common medications for angina include nitroglycerin, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and ranolazine.
How does nitroglycerin help with angina?
Nitroglycerin works by dilating the blood vessels, which helps to increase blood flow to the heart and reduce chest pain.
What are the lifestyle changes recommended for angina?
Healthy diet, regular exercise, smoking cessation, stress management, and maintaining a healthy weight are important lifestyle changes for angina management.
Can angina be prevented?
Preventing angina involves managing risk factors like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and maintaining a heart-healthy lifestyle.
When should I seek medical help for angina?
If you experience new, worsening, or persistent chest pain, you should seek immediate medical help.
Can stress trigger angina?
Yes, emotional stress can trigger angina by increasing the heart's demand for oxygen and constricting blood vessels.
Are there any dietary restrictions for angina?
A heart-healthy diet low in saturated fats, cholesterol, and sodium is recommended for people with angina.
Is angina more common in men or women?
Angina is more common in men, but the risk for women increases after menopause.
What are the complications of angina?
Complications of angina include heart attack, arrhythmias, and heart failure if the underlying coronary artery disease worsens.
Can angina be managed without medication?
In some cases, lifestyle changes like quitting smoking, regular exercise, and healthy eating can help manage angina. However, medications are often necessary for symptom control and prevention.
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