Levothroid Medication Information Leaflet
Levothroid is commonly prescribed to treat hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
Levothroid's generic compound is levothyroxine. It is widely available in the UK under various brand names and as a generic medicine.
Levothroid belongs to the class of medications known as thyroid hormones. It works by replacing or providing more thyroid hormone, which is usually produced by the thyroid gland.
Levothroid is approved for use in several countries, including the United States, Canada, and various European countries, including the UK.
Known Alternatives in UK
Alternatives to Levothroid in the UK may include other brands of levothyroxine, such as Synthroid, Eltroxin, or Levothyrox.
Levothroid is clinically used to restore the hormone balance in patients with hypothyroidism to alleviate symptoms and prevent complications associated with low thyroid hormone levels.
Spectrum Of Activity
Levothroid primarily affects the metabolic rate and energy levels in the body. It also affects growth and development, and regulates the functioning of other hormones.
Levothroid may interact with certain medications, including blood thinners, antidepressants, and cholesterol-lowering drugs. It's important to inform the healthcare provider about all medications being taken.
Dosage and Directions
The dosage of Levothroid is individualized based on the patient's age, weight, and the severity of hypothyroidism. It is usually taken orally once a day, in the morning, on an empty stomach.
Contraindications and Precautions
Levothroid is contraindicated in individuals with untreated thyrotoxicosis and uncorrected adrenal insufficiency. Caution is advised for individuals with heart disease, diabetes, and elderly patients.
Possible side effect
Common side effects of Levothroid may include temporary hair loss, weight changes, and mild tremors. Serious side effects are rare but can include chest pain, rapid or irregular heartbeat, and allergic reactions.
Missed dose and Overdose
If a dose of Levothroid is missed, it should be taken as soon as remembered, unless it is almost time for the next dose. Overdose of Levothroid can lead to symptoms of hyperthyroidism and should be reported to a healthcare professional immediately.
Levothroid should be stored at room temperature, away from light and moisture. It should not be stored in the bathroom or in the kitchen as heat and humidity can affect its potency.
Special care should be taken when prescribing Levothroid to pregnant or breastfeeding women, as the dosage may need adjustment to ensure the well-being of both the mother and the baby.
Known Non-standard Use
In some cases, Levothroid may be used off-label for the treatment of goiter, thyroid cancer, and certain types of infertility associated with inadequate hormone levels.
Patients should be mindful of the need for regular monitoring of thyroid hormone levels while taking Levothroid and should adhere to regular follow-up appointments with their healthcare provider.
The main risks associated with Levothroid use include the potential for over- or under-treatment of hypothyroidism, as well as the risk of drug interactions and the development of allergic reactions.
What is Levothroid used for?
Levothroid, also known as levothyroxine, is a medication used to treat underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism). It works by replacing the hormone normally produced by the thyroid gland. This helps to regulate energy and metabolism in the body.
How should I take Levothroid?
Levothroid should be taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor. It is usually taken once a day, on an empty stomach, at least 30 minutes before eating. It is important to follow your doctor's instructions and not to change the dose without consulting them.
What are the potential side effects of Levothroid?
Common side effects of Levothroid may include hair loss, headache, weight loss, and changes in appetite. However, not everyone experiences these side effects. If you have any concerns about side effects, speak with your healthcare provider.
Are there any medications that may interact with Levothroid?
Certain medications and supplements may interact with Levothroid, including blood thinners, antidepressants, and iron supplements. It's important to inform your doctor about all the medications and supplements you are taking before starting Levothroid.
Can Levothroid be used during pregnancy?
It is generally safe to take Levothroid during pregnancy, as thyroid hormone levels often fluctuate during this time. However, it's important to discuss this with your doctor, as they may need to adjust your dosage. Regular monitoring of thyroid levels is essential during pregnancy.
How long does it take for Levothroid to start working?
It may take a few weeks for Levothroid to start working fully. During this time, it's important to continue taking the medication as prescribed and attend any follow-up appointments scheduled by your healthcare provider.
What should I do if I miss a dose of Levothroid?
If you miss a dose of Levothroid, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not take double doses to make up for a missed one. It's advisable to set reminders or have a consistent daily routine for taking the medication.
Can Levothroid be taken with other medications?
It's essential to inform your doctor about all the medications and supplements you are currently taking, as some may interact with Levothroid. Your doctor can provide guidance on the best way to manage any potential interactions with other medications.
Is Levothroid safe for long-term use?
Levothroid is considered safe for long-term use when taken as directed by a healthcare provider. Regular check-ups and monitoring of thyroid function are typically recommended to ensure the medication continues to be effective and that the dosage is appropriate.
What should I discuss with my doctor before taking Levothroid?
Before taking Levothroid, it's important to discuss any existing medical conditions, current medications, pregnancy or breastfeeding status, and any known allergies. This information will help your doctor determine if Levothroid is the right choice for you.
Is Levothroid available over the counter?
Levothroid is a prescription medication and is not available over the counter. It requires a healthcare provider's assessment to determine the appropriate dosage and ensure it is being used safely and effectively.
How does Levothroid work in the body?
Levothroid works by replacing the thyroxine hormone that the thyroid gland cannot produce in sufficient quantities. This helps regulate the body's energy and metabolism, which in turn can alleviate symptoms of hypothyroidism such as fatigue, weight gain, and cold intolerance.
Can Levothroid cause allergic reactions?
While rare, some individuals may experience allergic reactions to Levothroid. Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, or trouble breathing. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any signs of an allergic reaction.
What lifestyle changes can support the effectiveness of Levothroid?
Maintaining a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and avoiding excessive consumption of certain foods or supplements that may interfere with Levothroid's absorption can support the medication's effectiveness. It's important to follow your doctor's advice for managing hypothyroidism effectively.
How can I store Levothroid safely?
Levothroid should be stored at room temperature, away from moisture and heat. Keep the medication out of the reach of children and pets. Do not store in the bathroom. Proper storage helps maintain the effectiveness of the medication.
Levothroid Related Medications
- Synthroid by AbbVie
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