Head lice, or Pediculosis Capitis, are parasitic insects that infest the hair and scalp, causing itchiness and irritation. They spread through head-to-head contact and are common among school-aged children. Despite being a nuisance, they do not transmit disease.

Pediculosis Capitis FAQ

What are head lice?

Head lice are tiny insects that infest the hair and scalp, causing itching and discomfort.

How do you get head lice?

Head lice spread through head-to-head contact with an infested person or by sharing personal items such as hats, combs, or towels.

What are the symptoms of head lice?

Symptoms include itching, tickling feeling, and small red bumps on the scalp.

How are head lice diagnosed?

Head lice are diagnosed by finding live lice or their eggs in the hair.

What treatments are available for head lice?

Over-the-counter and prescription treatments, such as medicated shampoos, are available to treat head lice infestations.

Are there preventive measures for head lice?

Preventive measures include avoiding head-to-head contact, not sharing personal items, and regularly checking for lice.

Can pets get head lice?

No, head lice only infest humans and cannot be transmitted from pets.

How long do head lice live?

Head lice can live for about 30 days on a human host.

Do head lice cause serious health issues?

While head lice are a nuisance, they do not transmit disease or cause serious health problems.

Can head lice jump from person to person?

No, head lice cannot jump or fly. They spread through direct contact with an infested individual.

What should I do if my child has head lice?

Seek treatment and follow the instructions carefully. Inform their school so that other children can be checked for lice.

Is it necessary to wash all bedding and clothing if someone has head lice?

While it is a good practice to wash and dry at high temperatures any items that the infested person used or wore in the 48 hours before treatment, it is not necessary to deep clean the entire house.

Can head lice be resistant to treatment?

In some cases, head lice can develop resistance to certain treatments. Consult with a healthcare professional if initial treatments are not effective.

Can head lice infestations be treated at home?

Yes, over-the-counter treatments are available for effective home treatment of head lice. Follow the instructions provided carefully.

Should I check my child for head lice regularly?

Regular checking of your child's scalp can help identify head lice infestations early, making treatment more manageable.

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