Ornithosis, also known as psittacosis, is a rare infectious disease caused by Chlamydia psittaci bacteria. It mainly affects birds but can be transmitted to humans through inhalation of airborne particles from bird droppings, feathers, or respiratory secretions. Symptoms in humans resemble pneumonia and can be severe, but the condition is treatable with antibiotics.

Ornithosis FAQ


What are the symptoms of Ornithosis?

Common symptoms include fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, and a dry cough.

Can Ornithosis be transmitted from person to person?

No, it is usually transmitted from infected birds to humans and is not passed between people.

How is Ornithosis diagnosed?

It is diagnosed through blood tests or by collecting respiratory samples for laboratory testing.

Is Ornithosis treatable?

Yes, Ornithosis can be effectively treated with antibiotics.

Is there a vaccine for Ornithosis?

Currently, there is no vaccine available for Ornithosis in humans.

Can pet birds transmit Ornithosis?

Yes, psittacine birds like parrots, parakeets, and cockatiels can carry the bacteria and infect humans.

How can I prevent Ornithosis?

Avoiding exposure to infected birds and practicing good hygiene, especially while cleaning cages or handling birds, is key to prevention.

Is Ornithosis fatal?

Although rare, severe cases of Ornithosis can be life-threatening, especially if left untreated.

How long does it take to recover from Ornithosis?

With prompt treatment, most people recover fully within a few weeks.

What complications can arise from Ornithosis?

Complications may include inflammation of the heart, liver, or brain, as well as respiratory problems.

Are there any long-term effects of Ornithosis?

In general, there are no long-term effects once the infection is successfully treated.

Who is at higher risk of developing Ornithosis?

Those who work with birds, such as poultry farmers, pet shop employees, and veterinarians, are at an increased risk.

Can Ornithosis be prevented with antibiotics?

Antibiotics can effectively treat Ornithosis, but they are not typically used as a preventive measure.

Is there a specific season when Ornithosis is more common?

Cases may be more frequent in the spring and early summer, as this is when birds are more likely to be breeding and nesting.

Should I avoid contact with birds if I suspect Ornithosis?

It is advisable to seek medical attention and avoid handling birds until the infection is ruled out or treated.

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