Trachoma is a contagious bacterial infection of the eye, leading to inflammation and scarring of the inner surface of the eyelids. It is a leading cause of preventable blindness worldwide.

Trachoma FAQ

What are the symptoms of trachoma?

Symptoms include irritation, light sensitivity, and a gritty feeling in the eyes.

Is trachoma curable?

Yes, trachoma is curable with appropriate treatment, usually antibiotics.

How is trachoma transmitted?

Trachoma is transmitted through direct or indirect contact with discharge from the eyes or nose of an infected person.

Is trachoma a common condition?

Trachoma is a common cause of visual impairment and is endemic in some of the poorest communities in the world.

Who is at risk of trachoma?

People living in crowded conditions with limited access to water and healthcare are at higher risk of trachoma.

How is trachoma diagnosed?

It is diagnosed through clinical signs, with swab or lesion samples sometimes used for further investigation.

Is trachoma preventable?

Trachoma is preventable through good hygiene practices and access to clean water and sanitation.

Can trachoma lead to blindness?

Repeated infections can lead to scarring and inturned eyelashes, which may result in blindness.

What are the complications of trachoma?

Complications include corneal scarring, eyelid deformities, and vision loss if left untreated.

Is trachoma contagious?

Trachoma is highly contagious as the bacteria can be easily spread through direct or indirect contact.

Is trachoma only found in developing countries?

Trachoma is common in developing countries, but it can also occur in poorer communities in developed countries.

How is trachoma treated?

Trachoma is usually treated with antibiotics, and in some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct complications.

What is the global impact of trachoma?

Trachoma is a significant public health issue in many developing countries and affects millions of people globally.

Is there a vaccine for trachoma?

There is no commercial vaccine widely available for trachoma, but research is ongoing in this area.

How can trachoma be controlled?

Control strategies include mass drug administration, promoting face and hand hygiene, and environmental improvements.

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